The peculiarities of hummingbirds

  • Hummingbirds are a family of birds (Trochilidae) composed by many species.

  • The size of the hummingbirds varies depending on the species: the smallest weighs about 2.2 grams and the largest about 20 g.

  • They feed on flowers nectar (they are important pollinators) and small insects.

  • They have a very large heart beating at more than 1000 beats per minute (in humans the average is 70).

Hummingbirds are part of a very diverse subfamily in shapes and colors. Bryan Hanson & James Wainscoat
  • A hummingbird can travel 6400 km annually, reaching 80 km/h and is the only bird that can fly forward, backward and sideways.

  • They can flap their wings up to 200 times per second!

  • They live in regions of the American continent situated between 0 and 5000 m of altitude.

  • The hummingbird Mellisuga helenae lays the smallest known egg, with 11.4 mm long, 8 mm in diameter and a weight of 0.5 g.

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